Denomination: $5 Federation Note
Date of first release: 1 January 2001
Designer: Garry Emery
Size: 65 mm x 130 mm
Stories Behind The Faces
Sir Henry Parkes (1815-1896) has often been referred to as the “Father of Federation”. An early advocate of reform, he gave the federation movement new impetus with his call for a federated Australia at Tenterfield in 1889. Parkes presided over the first national Australasian Convention in Sydney in 1891, where a Constitution Bill was drafted for submission to the Parliaments. A powerful but ageing figures, Parkes died four years before Federation came about.
Catherine Helen Spence (1825-1910) was a journalist, social reformer and novelist, and a prominent supporter of electoral reform. She stood for election as a South Australian candidate for the Australasian Federal Convention of 1897, to emphasise the issue of proportional parliamentary representation. Spence did not gain a place at the Convention but achieved fame as the first woman to stand for election to public office in Australia. She believed that the highest goal to which a united Australia could aspire was the truly democratic representation of all it’s people.